Education Hub

The work of undoing systemic racism calls to our ethic of tikkun olam, repairing the world. What do we do? How can we act responsibly? Undoing systemic racism will be challenging, but as Rabbi Tarfon reminds us in Pirkei Avot 2:21, “It is not your responsibility to finish the work of perfecting the world, but you are not free to desist from it either.”

As a small start, the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle has created this web page for the community that will be updated regularly. There are a multitude of Jewish and non-Jewish resources and many ways to become engaged. What we have compiled is a starting point. Our goal in providing resources and action items is to facilitate the necessary and sometimes uncomfortable conversations and, eventually, be together in anti-racist work.


(The views and opinions expressed in all linked materials are those of the content creators themselves and don’t necessarily reflect the views of the Jewish Federation of Greater Seattle.)

Primary Resources


Highly Recommended



  • Read: The Four “I”s of Oppression, adapted for use by the Chinook Fund. This piece articulates four different kinds of oppression—ideological, interpersonal, institutional, internalized—and the myriad of ways they impact us.
  • Read: Definition & Analysis of Institutional Racism, Solid Ground. In addition to its definition and explanation of institutional racism, this analysis provides specific statistics from King County.
  • Read: Black Lives Matter Fact Sheet from Jewish Federations of North America, Israel Action Network, updated 2020. Provides more detailed background about the intersection of BLM and concerns about anti-Israel attitudes.

Additional Resources


One of the core focus areas of our Jewish Community Relations Council is building relationships with groups beyond the Jewish community so that together, we can build mutual understanding and respect and work more effectively toward shared goals. One community with which the JCRC’s intergroup relations committee hopes to strengthen relationships and partnerships first is Native Americans. One part of a strong foundation for building authentic relationships is learning about partners’ perspectives and digging deeply to really understand them. These resources highlight Native American perspectives and ideas about Thanksgiving, giving thanks, how the Thanksgiving holiday came about, and the histories and cultures of indigenous people in the Pacific Northwest. 

Native American Perspectives

History of the Holiday

Local Resource Compilations

Events & Education

Join us in processing our American and Puget Sound Jewish communal histories with, understanding of, and actions around race and racism, including how these issues impact Jews of Color.

Educational Resources

A webinar hosted by the JCRC of Jewish Colorado featuring diverse speakers sharing experiences, expertise, and insights on what it means to embody the Jewish values of inclusivity, diversity, and racial justice. With Dr. Mijal Bitton, Shalom Hartman Institute of North America; Stacey Aviva Flint, Congregation Bonai Shalom, Boulder; Ginna Green, Uprise, and Sammie Wicks, Aurora Police Department and JCRC at-large member.

February 2, 2021

  • Watch: What Makes This Jew Different Than All Other Jews? Race, Difference, and Safety in Jewish Spaces (15 minutes)
    With MaNishtana (rabbi, educator, author), sharing his personal experiences and struggles to be recognized as Jewish in Jewish spaces while exploring community dynamics, Jewish text, values, and history.
    ELI Talk, March 13, 2017
  • Listen: Members of Whose Tribe? (30 minutes)
    Hosted by Gene Demby and Shereen Marisol Meraji. This episode of the podcast Code Switch digs into the complex role Jewish identity has played in America’s racial story—especially now, when antisemitism is on the rise, recognizing that while today Americans tend to think of Jewish people as white, it wasn’t always that way.
    NPR, April 18, 2018
  • Read: Why Diversity Is Important
    An article by Be’chol Lashon, which works to strengthen Jewish community by raising awareness about the ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity of Jewish identity and experience. The article reviews the history of ethnic and racial diversity in the Jewish community and makes a case for how this diversity is an asset and strength for our community.

Examining ‘Jews of Color’ Terminology and Data

  • Read: Jewish Word  | Jewish Color, by Sarah Breger, writer/editor at Moment Magazine
    Looking at history, data, and recent discourse, the author explores the value and challenges of using the term “Jews of Color.”
    Moment Magazine, September 30, 2020
  • Read: I Helped Coin the Term ‘Jews of Color.’ It’s Time for a History Lesson, by Shahanna McKinney-Baldon, Director of the Edot Midwest Regional Jewish Diversity Collaborative, educator, and advocate
    One of the originators of the term Jews of Color, McKinney-Baldon provides background on the origin of the term and speaks of its significance to those who self-identify with it.
    Hey Alma., May 28, 2020
  • Read: How Many Jews of Color Are There?, by Ira M. Sheskin and Arnold Dashefsky, editors of the American Jewish Year Book
    The authors compare recent surveys and argue that the data suggests there are fewer Jews of Color than has been estimated.
    eJewishPhilanthropy, May 17, 2020
  • Read: My mom is white and my dad is black. Don’t call me a ‘Jew of Color,’ by Kylie Unell, founder of Rooted and education adviser to OneTable
    The author shares her thoughts on the term “Jews of Color” and what she says are its shortcomings.
    Times of Israel, June 18, 2020

Additional Resources

  • Read: How I Learned to Love Myself as a Black Jew, by Aviva Davis, student and community member
    The author shares her personal narrative of embracing her intersectional Jewish identity and offers advice to other Jews of Color.
    Hey Alma., June 16, 2020
  • Read: Genetic research: almost 25% of Latinos, Hispanics Have Jewish DNA, by Ashley Perry, President of Reconectar and former adviser to the Israeli government
    This article outlines unprecedented genetic research undertaken by dozens of professors from around the world that has provided evidence that almost a quarter of Latinx and Hispanic people have significant “Jewish DNA” and describes implications for (re)connecting interested individuals who are descendants of Spanish and Portuguese Jewish communities to the Jewish community today.
    Jerusalem Post, March 1, 2019
  • Read: Part Asian-American, All Jewish?, by Rachel Gross, writer/editor at Moment Magazine
    This article features Helen Kim and Noah Leavitt, a Korean-Jewish couple who are sociologists at Whitman College, and explores the difficulties and joys of growing up Asian and Jewish and struggling to find acceptance in the Jewish community.
    NPR, February 10, 2015
  • Read: The Black Jews Are Tired, by Chris Harrison, writer/editor with URJ
    This short essay, written by a Black Jew, calls on white Jews to support Jews of Color in their fight to end systemic violence against black people.
    Reform Judaism, June 1, 2020